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RFC 4818 - RADIUS Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute

(Formats: TXT)

Network Working Group J. Salowey Request for Comments: 4818 R. Droms Category: Standards Track Cisco Systems, Inc. April 2007
RADIUS Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute Status of This Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2007). Abstract This document defines a RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service) attribute that carries an IPv6 prefix that is to be delegated to the user. This attribute is usable within either RADIUS or Diameter. Salowey & Droms Standards Track [Page 1] RFC 4818 Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute April 2007 1. Introduction This document defines the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute as a RADIUS [1] attribute that carries an IPv6 prefix to be delegated to the user, for use in the user's network. For example, the prefix in a Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute can be delegated to another node through DHCP Prefix Delegation [2]. The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute can be used in DHCP Prefix Delegation between the delegating router and a RADIUS server, as illustrated in the following message sequence. Requesting Router Delegating Router RADIUS Server | | | |-Solicit------------>| | | |-Request------------------------>| | |<--Accept(Delegated-IPv6-Prefix)-| |<--Advertise(Prefix)-| | |-Request(Prefix)---->| | |<--Reply(Prefix)-----| | | | | DHCP PD RADIUS The Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute [4] is not designed to support delegation of IPv6 prefixes to be used in the user's network, and therefore Framed-IPv6-Prefix and Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attributes may be included in the same RADIUS packet. 2. Terminology The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [3]. Salowey & Droms Standards Track [Page 2] RFC 4818 Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute April 2007 3. Attribute Format The format of the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix is: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Type | Length | Reserved | Prefix-Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Prefix +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Prefix +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Prefix +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Prefix | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Type 123 for Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Length The length of the entire attribute, in bytes. At least 4 (to hold Type/Length/Reserved/Prefix-Length for a 0-bit prefix), and no larger than 20 (to hold Type/Length/ Reserved/Prefix- Length for a 128-bit prefix) Reserved Always set to zero by sender; ignored by receiver Prefix-Length The length of the prefix being delegated, in bits. At least 0 and no larger than 128 bits (identifying a single IPv6 address) Note that the prefix field is only required to be long enough to hold the prefix bits and can be shorter than 16 bytes. Any bits in the prefix field that are not part of the prefix MUST be zero. The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix MAY appear in an Access-Accept packet, and can appear multiple times. It MAY appear in an Access-Request packet as a hint by the NAS to the server that it would prefer these prefix(es), but the server is not required to honor the hint. Salowey & Droms Standards Track [Page 3] RFC 4818 Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute April 2007 The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute MAY appear in an Accounting- Request packet. The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix MUST NOT appear in any other RADIUS packets. 4. Table of Attributes The following table provides a guide to which attributes may be found in which kinds of packets, and in what quantity. +-------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Request Accept Reject Challenge Accounting # Attribute | | Request | | 0+ 0+ 0 0 0+ 123 Delegated-IPv6- | | Prefix | +-------------------------------------------------------------------+ The meaning of the above table entries is as follows: 0 This attribute MUST NOT be present. 0+ Zero or more instances of this attribute MAY be present. 0-1 Zero or one instance of this attribute MAY be present. 1 Exactly one instance of this attribute MUST be present. 1+ One or more of these attributes MUST be present. 5. Diameter Considerations When used in Diameter, the attribute defined in this specification can be used as a Diameter AVP from the Code space 1-255, i.e., RADIUS attribute compatibility space. No additional Diameter Code values are therefore allocated. The data types of the attributes are as follows: Delegated-IPv6-Prefix OctetString The attribute in this specification has no special translation requirements for Diameter to RADIUS or RADIUS to Diameter gateways, i.e., the attribute is copied as is, except for changes relating to headers, alignment, and padding. See also RFC 3588 [5], Section 4.1, and RFC 4005 [6], Section 9. The text in this specification describing the applicability of the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute for RADIUS Access-Request applies in Diameter to AA-Request [6] or Diameter-EAP-Request [7]. The text in this specification describing the applicability of the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute for RADIUS Access-Accept applies in Diameter to AA-Answer or Diameter-EAP-Answer that indicates success. Salowey & Droms Standards Track [Page 4] RFC 4818 Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute April 2007 The text in this specification describing the applicability of the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute for RADIUS Accounting-Request applies to Diameter Accounting-Request [6] as well. The AVP flag rules [5] for the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute are: +---------------------+ | AVP Flag rules | |----+-----+----+-----|----+ AVP | | |SHLD| MUST| | Attribute Name Code Value Type |MUST| MAY | NOT| NOT|Encr| ---------------------------------|----+-----+----+-----|----| Delegated-IPv6- 123 OctetString| M | P | | V | Y | Prefix | | | | | | ---------------------------------|----+-----+----+-----|----| 6. IANA Considerations IANA assigned a Type value, 123, for this attribute from the RADIUS Attribute Types registry. 7. Security Considerations Known security vulnerabilities of the RADIUS protocol are discussed in RFC 2607 [8], RFC 2865 [1], and RFC 2869 [9]. Use of IPsec [10] for providing security when RADIUS is carried in IPv6 is discussed in RFC 3162. Security considerations for the Diameter protocol are discussed in RFC 3588 [5]. 8. References 8.1. Normative References [1] Rigney, C., Willens, S., Rubens, A., and W. Simpson, "Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS)", RFC 2865, June 2000. [2] Troan, O. and R. Droms, "IPv6 Prefix Options for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) version 6", RFC 3633, December 2003. [3] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. Salowey & Droms Standards Track [Page 5] RFC 4818 Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute April 2007 9.2. Informative References [4] Aboba, B., Zorn, G., and D. Mitton, "RADIUS and IPv6", RFC 3162, August 2001. [5] Calhoun, P., Loughney, J., Guttman, E., Zorn, G., and J. Arkko, "Diameter Base Protocol", RFC 3588, September 2003. [6] Calhoun, P., Zorn, G., Spence, D., and D. Mitton, "Diameter Network Access Server Application", RFC 4005, August 2005. [7] Eronen, P., Hiller, T., and G. Zorn, "Diameter Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) Application", RFC 4072, August 2005. [8] Aboba, B. and J. Vollbrecht, "Proxy Chaining and Policy Implementation in Roaming", RFC 2607, June 1999. [9] Rigney, C., Willats, W., and P. Calhoun, "RADIUS Extensions", RFC 2869, June 2000. [10] Kent, S. and K. Seo, "Security Architecture for the Internet Protocol", RFC 4301, December 2005. Authors' Addresses Joe Salowey Cisco Systems, Inc. 2901 Third Avenue Seattle, WA 98121 USA Phone: +1 206.310.0596 EMail: Ralph Droms Cisco Systems, Inc. 1414 Massachusetts Avenue Boxborough, MA 01719 USA Phone: +1 978.936.1674 EMail: Salowey & Droms Standards Track [Page 6] RFC 4818 Delegated-IPv6-Prefix Attribute April 2007 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2007). 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