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RFC 7192 - Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Key Package Receipt and Error Content Types

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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) S. Turner Request for Comments: 7192 IECA Category: Standards Track April 2014 ISSN: 2070-1721
Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Key Package Receipt and Error Content Types Abstract This document describes the conventions for using several cryptographic algorithms with the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) key package receipt and error content types. Specifically, it includes conventions necessary to implement SignedData, EnvelopedData, EncryptedData, and AuthEnvelopedData. Status of This Memo This is an Internet Standards Track document. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7192. Copyright Notice Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved. This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License. Turner Standards Track [Page 1] RFC 7192 Algs for CMS Key Package Rcpt Content Type April 2014 1. Introduction This document describes the conventions for using several cryptographic algorithms with the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) key package receipt and error content types [RFC7191]. Specifically, it includes conventions necessary to implement SignedData [RFC5652], EnvelopedData [RFC5652], EncryptedData [RFC5652], and AuthEnvelopedData [RFC5083]. This document does not define any new algorithms; instead, it refers to previously defined algorithms. In fact, the algorithm requirements in this document are the same as those in [RFC5959], [RFC6033], [RFC6160], [RFC6161], and [RFC6162] with the following exceptions: the content-encryption algorithm is AES in Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) mode as opposed to AES Key Wrap with Message Length Indicator (MLI) and the key-wrap algorithm is AES Key Wrap as opposed to AES Key Wrap with MLI. The rationale for the difference is that the receipt and error content types are not keys; therefore, AES Key Wrap with MLI is not appropriate for the content-encryption algorithm. If an implementation is not using AES Key Wrap with MLI as the content-encryption algorithm, then there's no need to keep the key-wrap algorithm the same as the content encryption algorithm. NOTE: [RFC7191] only requires that the key package receipt be signed. 1.1. Terminology The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. 2. SignedData If an implementation supports SignedData, then it MUST support the signature scheme RSA [RFC3370] and SHOULD support the signature schemes RSA Probabilistic Signature Scheme (RSASSA-PSS) [RFC4056] and Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) [RFC3370]. Additionally, implementations MUST support the hash function SHA-256 [RFC5754] in concert with these signature schemes, and they SHOULD support the hash function SHA-1 [RFC3370]. Implementations can also choose the to support Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA) [RFC5753] and [RFC6090]. Turner Standards Track [Page 2] RFC 7192 Algs for CMS Key Package Rcpt Content Type April 2014 3. EnvelopedData If an implementation supports EnvelopedData, then it MUST implement key transport and it MAY implement key agreement. When key transport is used, RSA encryption [RFC3370] MUST be supported, and RSA Encryption Scheme - Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding (RSAES-OAEP) [RFC3560] SHOULD be supported. When key agreement is used, Diffie-Hellman (DH) ephemeral-static [RFC3370] MUST be supported. When key agreement is used, Elliptic Curve Diffie-Hellman (ECDH) [RFC5753] [RFC6090] MAY be supported. Regardless of the key management technique choice, implementations MUST support AES-128 in CBC mode [AES] as the content-encryption algorithm. Implementations SHOULD support AES-256 in CBC mode [AES] as the content-encryption algorithm. When key agreement is used, the same length for the underlying block algorithm MUST be used. If the content-encryption algorithm is AES-128 in CBC mode, then the key-wrap algorithm MUST be AES-128 Key Wrap [RFC3394]. If the content-encryption algorithm is AES-256 in CBC mode, then the key-wrap algorithm MUST be AES-256 Key Wrap [RFC3394]. 4. EncryptedData If an implementation supports EncryptedData, then it MUST implement AES-128 in CBC mode [AES] and SHOULD implement AES-256 in CBC mode [AES]. NOTE: EncryptedData requires that keys be managed by other means; therefore, the only algorithm specified is the content-encryption algorithm. 5. AuthEnvelopedData If an implementation supports AuthEnvelopedData, then it MUST implement the EnvelopedData recommendations except for the content- encryption algorithm, which, in this case, MUST be AES-GCM [RFC5084]; the 128-bit version MUST be implemented, and the 256-bit version SHOULD be implemented. Implementations MAY also support AES-CCM [RFC5084]. Turner Standards Track [Page 3] RFC 7192 Algs for CMS Key Package Rcpt Content Type April 2014 6. Public Key Sizes The easiest way to implement SignedData, EnvelopedData, and AuthEnvelopedData is with public key certificates [RFC5280]. If an implementation supports RSA, RSASSA-PSS, DSA, RSAES-OAEP, or Diffie- Hellman, then it MUST support key lengths from 1024-bit to 2048-bit, inclusive. If an implementation supports ECDSA or ECDH, then it MUST support keys on the P-256 curve [RFC6090]. 7. Security Considerations The security considerations from [RFC3370], [RFC3394], [RFC3560], [RFC4056], [RFC5084], [RFC5652], [RFC5753], and [RFC5754] apply. [SP800-57] provides comparable bits of security for some algorithms and key sizes. [SP800-57] also provides time frames during which certain numbers of bits of security are appropriate, and some environments may find these time frames useful. 8. Acknowledgements I'd like to thank Russ Housley for his early feedback on this document. 9. References 9.1. Normative References [AES] National Institute of Standards and Technology, FIPS Pub 197: Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), 26 November 2001. [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC3370] Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Algorithms", RFC 3370, August 2002. [RFC3394] Schaad, J. and R. Housley, "Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Key Wrap Algorithm", RFC 3394, September 2002. [RFC3560] Housley, R., "Use of the RSAES-OAEP Key Transport Algorithm in Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC 3560, July 2003. [RFC4056] Schaad, J., "Use of the RSASSA-PSS Signature Algorithm in Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC 4056, June 2005. Turner Standards Track [Page 4] RFC 7192 Algs for CMS Key Package Rcpt Content Type April 2014 [RFC5083] Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Authenticated-Enveloped-Data Content Type", RFC 5083, November 2007. [RFC5084] Housley, R., "Using AES-CCM and AES-GCM Authenticated Encryption in the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC 5084, November 2007. [RFC5280] Cooper, D., Santesson, S., Farrell, S., Boeyen, S., Housley, R., and W. Polk, "Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation List (CRL) Profile", RFC 5280, May 2008. [RFC5652] Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", STD 70, RFC 5652, September 2009. [RFC5753] Turner, S. and D. Brown, "Use of Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) Algorithms in Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC 5753, January 2010. [RFC5754] Turner, S., "Using SHA2 Algorithms with Cryptographic Message Syntax", RFC 5754, January 2010. [RFC6090] McGrew, D., Igoe, K., and M. Salter, "Fundamental Elliptic Curve Cryptography Algorithms", RFC 6090, February 2011. [RFC7191] Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Key Package Receipt and Error Content Types", RFC 7191, April 2014. 9. Informative References [RFC5959] Turner, S., "Algorithms for Asymmetric Key Package Content Type", RFC 5959, August 2010. [RFC6033] Turner, S., "Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Encrypted Key Package Content Type", RFC 6033, December 2010. [RFC6160] Turner, S., "Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Protection of Symmetric Key Package Content Types", RFC 6160, April 2011. [RFC6161] Turner, S., "Elliptic Curve Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Encrypted Key Package Content Type", RFC 6161, April 2011. Turner Standards Track [Page 5] RFC 7192 Algs for CMS Key Package Rcpt Content Type April 2014 [RFC6162] Turner, S., "Elliptic Curve Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Asymmetric Key Package Content Type", RFC 6162, April 2011. [SP800-57] National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Special Publication 800-57: Recommendation for Key Management - Part 1 (Revised), March 2007. Author's Address Sean Turner IECA, Inc. 3057 Nutley Street, Suite 106 Fairfax, VA 22031 USA EMail: turners@ieca.com Turner Standards Track [Page 6]

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