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RFC 3508 - H.323 Uniform Resource Locator (URL) Scheme Registration

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Network Working Group O. Levin Request for Comments: 3508 RADVISION Category: Informational April 2003
H.323 Uniform Resource Locator (URL) Scheme Registration Status of this Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003). All Rights Reserved. Abstract ITU-T Recommendation H.323 version 4 introduced an H.323-specific Uniform Resource Locator (URL). This document reproduces the H323- URL definition found in H.323, and is published as an RFC for ease of access and registration with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). Conventions used in this document The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119 [2]. Table of Contents 1. Introduction...................................................2 2. URL Scheme Formal Syntax Definition and Character Encoding.....2 3. Intended Usage.................................................3 4. Applications and/or protocols, which may use H.323 URL scheme..3 5. Security Considerations........................................3 6. IANA Considerations............................................4 References........................................................4 Acknowledgments...................................................5 Author's Address..................................................5 Full Copyright Statement..........................................6 Levin Informational [Page 1] RFC 3508 H.323 URL Scheme April 2003 1. Introduction ITU-T Recommendations H.323 [3] and H.225.0 [4] define a system for multimedia communications services over packet based networks. H.225.0 [4] defines an alias type for carrying any standard Uniform Resource Locator (URL). H.323 version 4 [3] introduced an H.323- specific URL, which may be used to resolve the address of a network entity to which H.323 calls may be directed. This document reproduces the H323-URL definition found in ITU-T recommendation H.323 [3] and is published as an RFC for ease of access and IANA registration. 2. URL Scheme Formal Syntax Definition and Character Encoding The H.323 URL is defined in ABNF as shown below. Note that it utilizes the Core Rules specified in section 6.1 of [2]. H323-URL = "h323:" address [ url-parameters ] address = user / "@" hostport / user "@" hostport user = 1*(%x21-24 / %x26-3F / %x41-7F / escaped) ; The symbols "%", "@", and symbols with ; a character value below 0x21 may be ; represented as escaped sequences. hostport = host [ ":" port] host = hostname / IPv4address / IPv6reference hostname = *( domainlabel "." ) toplabel [ "." ] domainlabel = alphanum / alphanum *( alphanum / "-" ) alphanum toplabel = ALPHA / ALPHA *( alphanum / "-" ) alphanum IPv4address = 1*3DIGIT "." 1*3DIGIT "." 1*3DIGIT "." 1*3DIGIT IPv6reference = "[" IPv6address "]" IPV6address = hexpart [ ":" IPv4address ] hexpart = hexseq / hexseq "::" [ hexseq ] / "::" [ hexseq ] hexseq = hex4 *( ":" hex4 ) hex4 = 1*4HEXDIG port = 1*DIGIT url-parameters = *( ";" url-parameter ) url-parameter = 1*(%x21-24 / %x26-3A / %x3C-7F / escaped) ; Specific parameter definitions are for ; further study. ; The symbols "%", ";", and symbols ; with a character value below 0x21 may be ; represented as escaped sequences. alphanum = ALPHA / DIGIT escaped = "%" HEXDIG HEXDIG The host is case insensitive. Levin Informational [Page 2] RFC 3508 H.323 URL Scheme April 2003 The "user" is a Unicode [8] string that shall be UTF-8 [7] encoded and then escaped as necessary. In the "user" field, the characters with a numeric value below 0x80 are case insensitive and the characters with a numeric value above or equal to 0x80 are case sensitive. The character set and case sensitivity of the "url-parameter" is specified in each parameter definition. 3. Intended Usage The H.323 URL is intended to help an entity resolve the address of another H.323 entity, where an "entity" may be a user, a device, or a service. The "user" portion of the URL specifies an alias for the entity, without carrying any information about the location of the entity. The "hostport", on the other hand, is the domain name of an Endpoint, Gatekeeper, Border Element, or other functional element to which H.323 calls may be directed or for which services may be performed. 4. Applications and/or protocols, which may use H.323 URL scheme H.323 URLs may be carried by other protocols, such as SIP [6] or TRIP [9]. H.323 URLs may be also contained within web pages or within XML data, which may be utilized by H.323 entities in order to initiate calls or perform services. 5. Security Considerations When an H.323 URL is carried within H.225.0 [4] messages, security is addressed by the H.235 security framework [5]. When an H.323 URL carried within other protocols (such as SIP [6]), the security is addressed within the corresponding protocol. In general, security, as it relates to the usage and carriage of the H.323 URLs, is considered as an issue that should be addressed within scope of H.323 or other relevant protocols and is not within the scope of this document. Levin Informational [Page 3] RFC 3508 H.323 URL Scheme April 2003 6. IANA Considerations The purpose of this document is serving as a reference point for the purposes of registering the H.323 URL scheme with IANA. Having the URL registered with IANA will ensure that there is no duplication of the URL scheme "h323". This document reproduces the exact H323-URL definition as published in ITU-T Recommendation H.323 [3]. Registration Template URL scheme name: h323 URL scheme syntax: Section 2 of RFC 3508 Character encoding considerations: Section 2 of RFC 3508 Intended usage: Section 3 of RFC 3508 Applications and/or protocols which use this scheme: Section 4 of RFC 3508 Interoperability considerations: None. (Section 2 of RFC 3508 contains the first version of "h323" URL definition.) Security considerations: Section 5 of RFC 3508 Relevant publications: [3] and [4] Contact: Orit Levin, Author/Change Controller: IESG References [1] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [2] Crocker, D., Editor, and P. Overell "Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF", RFC 2234, November 1997. [3] ITU-T Recommendation H.323v.4 "Packet-based multimedia communications systems", November 2000. [4] ITU-T Recommendation H.225.0 "Call signalling protocols and media stream packetization for packet-based multimedia communication systems", November 2000. Levin Informational [Page 4] RFC 3508 H.323 URL Scheme April 2003 [5] ITU-T Recommendation H.235 "Security and Encryption for H Series (H.323 and other H.245 based) multimedia terminals", November 2000. [6] Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston, A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M. and E. Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261, June 2002. [7] Yergeau, F., "UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646", RFC 2279, January 1998. [8] ISO/IEC 10646-1:1993, Information technology "Universal Multiple-Octet Coded Character Set (USC)" Part 1: Architecture and Basic Multilingual Plane. [9] Rosenberg, J., Salama, H. and M. Squire, "Telephony Routing over IP (TRIP)", RFC 3219, January 2002. Acknowledgments This document is prepared and posted on behalf of SG-16 ITU-T. I wish to thank Paul E. Jones, Robert Callaghan and Cullen Jennings for their comments and active help. Author's Address Orit Levin RADVISION 266 Harristown Road Glen Rock, NJ USA Phone: +1-201-689-6330 EMail: Levin Informational [Page 5] RFC 3508 H.323 URL Scheme April 2003 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Levin Informational [Page 6]